JavaScript Basic Programs for Beginners - Important Points

JavaScript Basic Programs for Beginners - MCQ

JavaScript is a popular programming language that is widely used in web development. If you are a beginner, learning how to write basic JavaScript programs can help you gain a solid foundation in the language.

How to write JavaScript programs for beginners

Here are some important points to keep in mind when writing JavaScript programs for beginners:

Set up your development environment: To start writing JavaScript programs, you need to have a code editor and a web browser installed on your computer. Some popular code editors for JavaScript include Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text, and Atom. You can use any web browser like Chrome, Firefox, or Safari.

Understand JavaScript syntax: JavaScript has a simple syntax and structure, but it is important to understand the basic syntax before writing your first program. You should know about variables, data types, operators, loops, functions, and conditional statements.

Start with simple programs: It is best to start with simple programs to learn the basics of JavaScript. For example, you can write a program to display "Hello, world!" on the console, or you can create a program to prompt the user for their name and display a greeting.

Use comments to explain your code: Comments are a useful tool to explain your code and make it easier to understand for others. You can use comments to explain what a particular piece of code does, or to add notes for yourself.

Test your programs: It is important to test your programs to make sure they work as expected. You can use the console to check for errors and debug your code.

Practice coding regularly: To become proficient in JavaScript programming, you need to practice coding regularly. Start with simple programs and gradually increase the complexity of your programs.

Use online resources: There are many online resources available to help you learn JavaScript. You can find tutorials, videos, and documentation to help you learn the language.

In conclusion, writing JavaScript programs for beginners can be a fun and rewarding experience. By following these important points, you can gain a solid foundation in the language and start building your own web applications. Remember to start with simple programs, use comments to explain your code, and practice coding regularly.

JavaScript basic program examples for beginners

Hello, World!

This is a classic first program for beginners in any programming language. It simply displays the text "Hello, world!" on the console.

console.log("Hello, world!");

Greeting program

This program prompts the user for their name and displays a greeting.

let name = prompt("What is your name?");

console.log("Hello, " + name + "!");

Simple calculator

This program asks the user for two numbers and performs a simple calculation (addition, subtraction, multiplication or division).

let num1 = prompt("Enter the first number:");

let num2 = prompt("Enter the second number:");

let operator = prompt("Enter an operator (+, -, *, /):");

let result;

if (operator === "+") {

  result = Number(num1) + Number(num2);

} else if (operator === "-") {

  result = Number(num1) - Number(num2);

} else if (operator === "*") {

  result = Number(num1) * Number(num2);

} else if (operator === "/") {

  result = Number(num1) / Number(num2);


console.log("The result is: " + result);

FizzBuzz game

This is a popular coding challenge that tests basic programming skills. The program counts from 1 to 100 and prints "Fizz" for multiples of 3, "Buzz" for multiples of 5, and "FizzBuzz" for multiples of both 3 and 5.

for (let i = 1; i <= 100; i++) {

  if (i % 3 === 0 && i % 5 === 0) {


  } else if (i % 3 === 0) {


  } else if (i % 5 === 0) {


  } else {




Random number guessing game

This program generates a random number between 1 and 10 and asks the user to guess the number. The program then tells the user whether their guess was too high, too low, or correct.

let secretNumber = Math.floor(Math.random() * 10) + 1;

let guess;

do {

  guess = prompt("Guess the number (between 1 and 10):");

  if (guess > secretNumber) {

    console.log("Too high!");

  } else if (guess < secretNumber) {

    console.log("Too low!");

  } else {



} while (guess != secretNumber);

Temperature conversion

This program converts a temperature from Celsius to Fahrenheit or vice versa, based on user input.

let temperature = prompt("Enter the temperature:");

let unit = prompt("Enter the unit (C or F):");

if (unit === "C") {

  let fahrenheit = (temperature * 9/5) + 32;

  console.log(temperature + " C = " + fahrenheit + " F");

} else if (unit === "F") {

  let celsius = (temperature - 32) * 5/9;

  console.log(temperature + " F = " + celsius + " C");

} else {

  console.log("Invalid unit!");


Simple to-do list

This program allows the user to add items to a to-do list and display the list.

let todoList = [];

while (true) {

  let task = prompt("Enter a task (or 'quit' to exit):");

  if (task === "quit") {


  } else {


    console.log("Added task: " + task);



console.log("To-do list:");

for (let i = 0; i < todoList.length; i++) {

  console.log("- " + todoList[i]);


Factorial of a number

This program calculates the factorial of a number entered by the user.

let num = prompt("Enter a number:");

let factorial = 1;

for (let i = 1; i <= num; i++) {

  factorial *= i;


console.log("The factorial of " + num + " is " + factorial);

Palindrome checker

This program checks if a word entered by the user is a palindrome (i.e., the same backwards as forwards).

let word = prompt("Enter a word:");

let reversed = "";

for (let i = word.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {

  reversed += word[i];


if (word === reversed) {

  console.log(word + " is a palindrome!");

} else {

  console.log(word + " is not a palindrome.");


Multiplication table

This program generates a multiplication table for a number entered by the user.

let num = prompt("Enter a number:");

for (let i = 1; i <= 10; i++) {

  console.log(num + " x " + i + " = " + num*i);


Array operations

This program performs basic operations on an array, such as adding and removing elements.

let arr = [];

arr.push("apple", "banana", "cherry");








These are just a few more examples of basic JavaScript programs that beginners can try out. By experimenting with these programs and modifying them, you can learn more about the language and build your skills.

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